Sources of funding education in the United States Private charities – often sponsored by those who want to enroll in master's or doctoral programs, and support scientific research, not to obtaining a degree. As a rule, to apply for a grant to prepare a draft study. To obtain such grants are sometimes not necessary to be enrolled in college. U.S. institutions – they support only their students, and rely on only after enrolling in a college or university. Higher education institutions may be paid as a small reward for success and achieved full financial support of students, all depends on the status and capabilities of the university. Criteria for scholarships in the U.S.
Criteria there are so many and so difficult to organize. It is the individual aspect of granting scholarships, and it is from requirements for recipients and their strict implementation depends on funding decision. The main criteria: academic achievement (merit-based) or the need for financial aid (need-based). Usually one of these criteria determines the type of scholarship. Additional criteria: a variety of factors, such as membership of a particular nationality or religion, the activity in a particular field of knowledge, membership in any organization, etc.
Forms financial assistance for education in the U.S. pay all costs for tuition and accommodation – scholarships, which cover all the costs are very rare and usually require a very high academic performance or provide important scientific research. Discount on tuition fees – one of the most common forms of financial assistance, which is also called scholarship.