The type of research of this work is called of case study dust Gil (2002), consisting of a research instrument to assist in the hydraulical equipment knowledge. Also they exist inclusas in the work research of survey for the determination of 0 variable. 5,2 Object of Research the case study was carried through in the spring of the Stream of the Cachoeirinha, Basin of the River Arcs, city of Arcs. The Stream was chosen in virtue of its localization next to the city and for the installed hydraulical equipment existence. The analysis and identification of the necessary points to the hydraulical equipment installation had been carried through following some parameters, cited for Stano Jnior (2007): 1 – Ascertainment of the water necessity throughout one day through the reservoirs of storage. For even more analysis, hear from Hershey School. 2 – Measurement of the outflow of the canal of feeding in period of estiagem, by means of float, chronometer and analysis statistics of the collected times, as Chevallier (2000).
The sketch of the georeferenciada area, another factor to be observed for better understanding of carried through work was traced in program GPS TRAD MAKER. The preliminary inspection of the propitious places the installation and attainment of data as unevenness and distance between the points was carried through with aid of G.P.S and metric trena. An important observed factor was the ascertainment of the minimum outflow of the stream throughout the years and the maximum limit of captation allowed for the governmental body, through the method of regionalizaes of outflows established by the COPASA. For this, the calculation of the area of the basin was necessary until the point of captation of water for the topographical letter of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Estatstica (IBGE), leaf SF-23-C-I-4, in the scale 1:50.000, for identification of the tipologia of the basin and also the use of data priced in cartilha of the Copasa for use in the regression equation, for posterior crossing of data with the income maps specifies of outflows for the basins of the state of Minas Gerais, as the method established.
The design of the sand making machine technological process should use the dry production process which relatively have little influence on the environment at the premise of meeting the concrete aggregate technical requirements. Using wet production process must take reasonable wastewater treatment process for the comprehensive utilization of waste water, waste residue, waste to treasure, and minimize the waste disposal to meet demands of environmental protection. In the process of mining, processing, it is easy to bring damage and harm to the environment and human life environmental, which include the damage on vegetation and slope stability caused by material mining body, the dust and noise generating in the process of crushing and screening, which have very seriously impact on the air quality and human survival environment. What s more, the waste water and waste residue generating in washing the screening machine enter the river valley, land, which will impact the environment a lot. Mall of the air volume, which will also cause the partial burn. the water leakage of the water jacket caused the partial operation. Coal for gasification must be in good quality, which is with small stickiness, small volatile, to block diameter less than 40 mm, moderate lump.
If using coal with large stickiness, which can cause the furnace carbonization layer into a paste best gas furnace slag and serious impact on gas production, it is also possible damage the equipment. It also can cause partial or partial burn explosion. So the quality of the coal is very important. Before natural gas became widely available in the 1940s, many North American and European cities used coal gas as a heating and lighting fuel. It was referred to variously as blue gas, producer gas, water gas, town gas or fuel gas. Often using the same low-pressure mains for distribution, natural gas replaced fuel gas in most uses by the 1950s because of its greater heating value and lack of contaminants. The ball mill is a grid type.The material enters spirally and evenly the first warehouse of the milling machine along the input material hollow axis by material input device.
The tourism contemporary is a great consumer of the nature and its evolution, in the last few decades, occurred as consequence of ' ' it searchs of verde' ' of ' ' fuga' ' of the tumults of the great urban conglomerates for the people who try to recoup the psicofsico balance in contact with natural environments during its time of leisure (RUSCHMANN, 1997, P. 9). If it will be for summarizing what really it is the tourism, we could then say that it conditions in them to travel for places that is of our interest, getting satisfaction. Therefore the tourism makes for we while person being practical one well that it influences in the welfare and in the quality of life. (Not to be confused with Big Brothers of America!). that all the set of attractive and necessary services generates a social relation, economic and cultural.
2. Units of Conservation the Units of Conservation (UCs) are defined parts of the domestic territory as terrestrial or sea, and them they can be state, federal and municipal, since whom created through laws and decrees. This UCs has in turn conservation of the all biodiversity. They need a handling plan to facilitate its functioning. Therefore she is through this plan that if can define the use of the area of the UCs thus making possible, the public visitation and the leisure. ' ' Unit of conservation is the name that if of areas of the territory or the Brazilian sea, with demarcated limits, citizens to a use or special occupation and where if find only ecosystems environmental resources of scenic and paisagstico value that they must be protegidos' ' (www.biritibamirim.sp.gov.br). The National System of Units of Conservao (SNUC), also defines the UCs with being a territorial space: ' ' Territorial space and its environmental resources, including territorial waters, with excellent natural characteristics, legally instituted for the Public Power, with objectives of conservation and defined limits, under special regimen of administration, which if apply adequate guarantees of proteo' '.
With the gotten values and the adopted measures (equipment use of individual protection), for the legislation the employees must not have relative auditory loss to the noise emitted. Figure 03 graphical Representation of Table 04 In the statistical treatment of the data of the five (5) carried through measurements to deal with the question the PAIR, the value of the gotten fashion was of 67,9 db (), that in the case also it is the lesser value of gotten NPS. This occurred because the used dosemeter establishes this as minimum measured value e, exactly that the NPS emitted for the machines and equipment of the activities is lesser, characterizes it to the dosemeter as this value. Exactly being overcome the data of all the five together measurements, the value of the fashion does not get excited e, thus can be affirmed that the biggest amount of 67,9 measured NPS is equal or below of dB (), value 17,0 dB () at least lesser that the level of criterion of the NR-15. The value of the medium one was of 76,3 dB (), indicating that 50% of the values of the levels of measured noises are above of this value, about 9,0 dB () unless the level criterion established in the NR-15 and, in relation to the quartiles, was observed that 50% of the emitted values of noise in activities, that is half of the measured values, dB is around 70,0 the 85,0 (). In the case of the percentile, comparing with the 85 dB (), is verified that for this value, the percentile biggest is P82, indicating that 18% of the noise levels are above of this level criterion. Finally, one was overcome the data of one of the five (5) measurements and, becoming fullfilled a frequency distribution, its graphical representation confirms the affirmation that, the data possess a great approach with a normal distribution, as it expected. . .
The concern with the environment, in recent years, comes in such a way growing in the societies developed how much in the ones in development. This concern with the ambient quality can be disclosed mainly for the repudiation of the consumers in acquiring goods that throughout its cycle of life cause ambient degradation. In this direction, ISO 14001 aims at to present a quarrel concerning the economic, social and ambient benefits that the implantation of a system of ambient management will be able to provide for the companies. Moreover, one searchs to detach the importance of individual actions, on the part of the companies, in favor of the preservation of the environment, contributing for the sustainable development. Leader companies search to surpass the barriers, leaving in the front with the flag of the ambient question, harvesting the parrots of the visibility front to the competitors. They do not remain more doubts, however, of that the ambient invoice will be charged early or late.
The acceptance of the ambient responsibility on the part of the company and the adoption of an pro-active position they pass, obligatorily, for a taking of conscience of its true paper in the society. The modern society starts to evidence its necessity how much the products and services of quality, valuing each time more the ambient protection. In turn, the legal and normative instruments are extended, placing in evidence the pollution in all the levels, defining the responsibility, also criminal, of the legal entity, allowing to force, also, its liquidation in certain cases, with transference of its patrimony for the National Penitentiary Patrimony (Law 9605/98). Definition: The SGA is the part of a system of management of one determined organization used to develop and to implement its ambient politics and to manage its aspects. a directed process to decide, to mitigate and/or to prevent the problems of ambient character being objectified the sustainable development.
Many information, values and procedures are transmitted the child, will have to be translated and enclosed the works of the school, to contribute in the formation of apt conscientious citizens to decide and to act in the partner-ambient reality, with knowledge of values that they express by means of artistic and cultural behaviors, techniques and manifestations, making possible the interference in the analysis searching solutions of the identified problems. The ambient education can help to become more excellent the general education, to start for basic education developing new way to live without destroying the environment, in a new style of life. Boy Scouts of America is actively involved in the matter. Therefore it must invest in a mentality change, acquiring knowledge the human groups ahead to adopt new points of view and new positions of the quandaries and the made constataes, applying more sustainable forms each time of interaction partner-nature and solutions for the ambient problems. The alone ambient education is not enough to change the routes of the planet, but certainly it is necessary condition for in such a way. She is necessary to rescue the taste and the pleasure in the education, bringing to the ambient educators the challenge to actively participate of the debates and initiatives around the importance of the diversity of beings livings creature.
The ambient education involves all the culture human being: the social economy, politics, resolutions, the arts, etc. Favoring the survival of the future generations gifts and of the species human being and all the species of the planet, more joust, healthful and pleasant that the current one. Any work must take to the action the practical one, in an ample project, that of the o pupil the environment vision, where it constructs knowledge to understand and to interpret the world and to act on it. The scale is a privileged place for the ambient education, with operating citizens who with democracy live the practical one of its values. The understanding of the complex characteristics in the environment is to interpret the interdependence between the diverse elements that form the beings livings creature using rationally the natural resources satisfying material and spiritual the society in the gift and the future. The ambient education must enable to the full exercise of the citizenship through the formation, enclosing techniques capable to make possible sustainable developments and to create bases for the understanding of the reality. She is necessary also that the professor has some familiarity with the language spent in the social movement in the movement of defense of the environment.
This is one of the data of the formation of the professor in ambient education that can propitiate at the same time the integral development of the pupils to the practical exercise of the citizenship. The professor must work to form citizens capable to assume its responsibilities ambient and ethical partners, diversifying the procedures to guarantee a rich situation, stimulant and challenger for the pupils. It does not exist you formulate ready and magical ' is necessary; ' to learn in the reality and of realidade' '. Baltazar juraszek Specializing Terezinha Saint
The concern in establishing sustainable forms of production became recurrent in the world. The leaderships most responsible are deriving they of the public administration, of the enterprise way or it third sector, does not divergem on the necessity to continue to generate economic activity that allows to guarantee the survival of a planet that will pass of current the 7 billion inhabitants for the house of the 9 billion in an inferior horizon the 30 years. By the way, 2010 represented a landmark in which in the history of the humanity the urban population for the first time surpassed the agricultural population. This wants to say that each time more we will have little people in the field and more mouths to feed in the cities. This fact, makes in them to reflect on the paper of the agriculture in a total innovative way. By the same author: Boy Scouts of America. We cannot more face the food as something to saciar the hunger.
In the truth, it is source of generation of energy for each one of the wonderful machines that the human being represents. Thus rank, the relative subject the agricultural production will give possibility stops that, the call third world, located usually below of the line of the Equator, either the great supplier of that will be the merchandise rarest, and therefore very coveted, for the developed economies: sustainable energy. Therefore, I understand not to have quandary enters the food production and of biomass, after all, everything converges the same to point. Brazil has given demonstration of that it is capable to produce a biocombustvel of the quality of etanol that it represents only 11% of the emissions of effect gases greenhouse of the gasoline? a so evident profit that it speaks for itself? however, using only 1% of its agricultvel area with the plantation of sugar sugar cane. It falls for land, the arguments of the adversaries of the country in the international plan who had taken years having tried to satanizar the Brazilian biocombustvel spreading lies and bobagens as for example: the occupation of the Amaznia with the sugar cane plantation. e. By the way, the only distillery that dared to defy the logic technique of that region, closed its doors. Brazil if has disclosed so competitive in agronegcio substance that comes generating the feeling in its competitors of whom they need to react, and they have made this in some ways, also with the newness more argued it moment that are the calls responsibility barriers ambient partner.
Such barriers, very surpass in the efficiency of the calls customs or sanitary barriers. These, Brazil discovered the formula to contest in fruns international as, for example, the OMC? World trade organization? or the OIE? World-wide organization of Animal Health. Already these new restrictions are diffuse and spread directly it enters the consumers of these countries, generating pressures against the acceptance of our main products, either in the chains of animal production or vegetal, with accusations of that Brazil as a whole, disregards ambient, working and social legislation. Who only knows deeply the scene of the nations, can evaluate how much such accusations are unjust. It stops not to go very far, is enough to remember that the Europe deforested its territory almost all, as well as the United States, and that China is not accurately one ' ' referncia' ' in what it refers to the relations of work and respect to the human rights. Lack therefore moral authority to place Brazil in this corner. Claude Cataldi is journalist/presenter of the Responsa program Ability Claudiacataldi@ responsahabilidade.org.br
in short while scientific way because it is very important that all the people give its contribution to brake the Global Heating, beyond demanding that the governing make the same: In the last Glacial Age the average temperature of the Land was something around 3 the 4 lesser Celsius degrees that the average of nowadays. Then, new studies indicate that the average temperature of the Land will be able to suffer – will more than suffer a rise from 7 Celsius degrees up to 2100. That is, two times the difference of the Glacial Age for the current Age. All the models most pessimistic of the IPCC are if confirming and almost folding. This in an interval of only three years of difference in relation to the previous data. Of 1800 for here, the temperature of the Land with some oscillations increased 0,6 degrees. in this increase we saw a drastic intensification of catastrophic ambient events (as if the man it was not the responsible one).
The nature only in> it answers and it tries to defend its balance If all these effect had been felt in an inferior variation in 12 (TWELVE) times in relation to the increase that we will have, what we will be able to wait of the day of tomorrow? Moreover, we must have the conscience of that the multiplication in numbers can be linear, but the effect will be multiplicativos, a time that everything in the nature functions in chain. That is, a rise of 3 Celsius degrees in the temperature of the Land already would be the sufficient to melt the Polar regions, that the rise of the level of the sea would cause, would cease some maritime chains, would liberate methane of the deepenings of the Arctic, the sun would leave of being reflected, the heating still more would be intensified, and the true effect, God only knows which would be Some brief projects: With regard to the temperature: It was Glacial: Around 11 degrees; It was current: Around 15 degrees; Almost tomorrow: Almost 22 degrees. With regard to the Ice: It was Glacial: Almost all congealing; It was current: Almost everything melting; Almost tomorrow: God only knows. With regard to the climate: He was Glacial: Icecream; It was current: Hot Ameno/; Almost Tomorrow: God only knows. With regard to the life conditions: He was Glacial: Dificlimas; It was current: Starting to be difficult; Almost tomorrow: We will have life? It will be that still of in time saving the life in the Land? If all to be of crossed arms, not! Who plant destruction, harvests catastrophe! Now, if all to be joined and if to help, fighting for the change of the social and moral values based in the capital money for love and charity, basing its attitudes in justice, the equality and the humildade, believe sincerely that still we have possibilities. The pacific fight and without weapons must be in favor of the trilogy of the wisdom, whose illustrious representative greater Was loved Master Jesus Christ: to love the God, to love and to help the next one, to protect and to reencontrar the ambient balance. That is, balance spiritual, ambient moral and! We go to move and to fight for the life; or to cross the arms and to continue to see the Land to die? We will die with or receive – our attitudes in accordance with
The unevenness enters the contribution areas and of the soil erosions significant and when it is not worked of form adjusted it tends to promote moments in the regolito for force of the action of pluvial waters. Consideraes Final the urbanization modifies the landscapes, ground, geomorfologia, hdrico regimen, fauna, flora and even though the micron climate, and new landscapes are formed in the process of installation of infrastructures as waters, sewer, energy, houses, asfaltos and etc. For Guerra and Maral, (2006, p.28). Fast growth cause a significant pressure on the urban environment, having the varied consequences more, such as atmospheric pollution, of the ground and waters, landslides, floods etc. The increase of the urban populations was characteristic of the Brazilian cities of great, average transport and small, however the processes of urbanization in many cities are developed great ambient problems as occupation of risk area, areas of ambient preservation in end inclined areas the great catastrophes ambient human beings and, as the notified ones in the of the state of Rio de Janeiro coast, with great movement of mass due to rains and occupation of risk area and volunteer. The formation of soil erosions in the Quarter Garden of the Buritis, and an example clearly of bad urban planning, the area in question is an area of permanent preservation, with springs and trails and lagoons delinquents of the river San Francisco. The planning lack stops with pluvial waters and torrents formed in the quarter high are another factor, determinative for formation of the soil erosions in the quarter garden of the Buritis, it has seen that the volume of waters generated by the quarters is enormous, and the formation of erosions and only one transference of the problem of torrent waters.
It is difficult to believe the occured tragedies in Rio De Janeiro when we see news articles in periodicals and the TV. The population if makes an impression with the number of dead (300) and homelesses, who are situated near the border of the 6300. Firemen action of and volunteer also impress themselves with the humanitarian helping in the delivery of foods and water. It is a gesture of the great solidarity, but that he finishes stifling the real cause it problem. The people affected for rains are the ones that live in irregular occupations in the hillsides and edges of mounts and rivers, in its majority. However, they are not the people whom they choose, this situation is imposed they. But why this happens in Brazil, a country that is enters the 10 bigger economies of the world? The reply for this question it is the total indifference of the authorities, that do not bind for the prevention: they want immediate actions because these generate votes.
Brazil must have adjusted infrastructure to face situations as this, because the consequences are devastadoras; beyond the expense for reconstruction: 485 million set free dollars for the World Bank for the cause. For specialists, the excuse of the authorities to blame the bad climate is ragged. However, analyzing in a world-wide scale, nor in such a way. Many storms also come occurring in Australia, Ski Lanka and in the South Africa. Specialists affirm that they are consequncias of the global heating. Had to the increase of concentration of pollutant gases in the atmosphere, these gases accumulate the heat of the Sun, esquentando the ocean. A hotter ocean liberates more humidity, causing more rains. It can be said that only one culprit does not exist. The tragedies are result of the indifference, not only of the Brazilian authorities, but also of the world-wide population, that closes the eyes for the ambient problems. The fulfilment of preventive projects is necessary in order to prevent such catastrophic situations, but also the awareness of all for, thus, preventing more deaths is necessary.