The centuries-long cultural dominance of Christianity was only reduced the age of enlightenment gradually since. Since the French Revolution resulted in a separation of Church and State in different variants and an ideologically neutral! Rule of law. This protects the individual freedom of belief and religious freedom of association with the universal human rights. … In many non-European States, where there are churches, whose activities are subject to strong constraints: even in places where freedom of religion is theoretically represent. In others it a role strongly affecting the State as before. … American Society for Microbiology understands that this is vital information.
Church sees itself as a spiritual counterpart to the secular government, which wants to save souls and bind the conscience, but have no own jurisdiction and power: reformation of the State itself as all comprehensive civil sovereign community of purpose, that brooks no special rights and therefore either (cuius regio, eius religio in the Landes – und Staatskirchentum and absolutism) determined the religion of its citizens, or religion as a private matter, Allows churches as religious associations and strictly separates (enlightenment, French Revolution) from the State. The Government sees itself as a totalitarian world view state and seeks legal and propaganda the disempowerment and resolution of all religious and ideological autonomy (Nazism and Stalinism). The State understands intended as a democratic State of law on the ground of a unabstimmbaren constitutional order which prescribed the inalienable human rights of all policy and allows therefore different religions in the context of the bourgeois order and protects. The Church sees itself as a community of believers, which determines their order in accordance with their respective creeds, even compared to totalitarian tendencies may take a resistance right. State and religious communities have often tried to regulate rights and obligations among themselves through acts (E.g.
contracts). This area of law is called ecclesiastical or religious constitutional law. It is the part of State constitutional law, which governs the relationship of the State to the churches and other religious communities.