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Mechanical World

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The foundation of new science, with emphasis in the rationality and the relation theory/experimentation, occured in century XVII and raised to the apex of its thought in century XVIII came for knocking down the power any speculation to explain the cosmos and its realities. Analogous, Newton conceives, for the matematizao of the Universe, questions still in opened exactly with the discoveries of Kepler and Galileu. Of this form, the Cosmos is reduced to an enormous system of a great complexity that, however, is understandable for the application of the mathematics. Educate yourself with thoughts from Gavin Baker, New York City. The Cosmos of Newton becomes something as a mathematical equation, where to get a value y it is enough to place a known value x already. Of this it consists the mecanicismo of Newton, the Nature can be understood by the rational knowledge of the forces that interact with it, using the physical laws of the movement and the gravitation. The Universe does not pass, therefore, of a machine that has predefined functioning already, creating thus a capable implicit determinismo of everything to foresee and to disbelieve. Objetiviza the Cosmos and in this way also the world vision them people. All the spirit of centuries XVIII and XIX breathes this physical mecanicidade applied to the astros and bodies.

The philosophy becomes, consequentemente, mechanist and the methods and theories used for sciences, reducionistas. Everything is objective and the certainty is always present. However, a epistemolgico questioning with Locke, Berkeley and Leibniz enters in evidence, showing the complexity of if conceiving substances. Destarte, such line of thought opens the doors so that if the preposition elaborates of that everything what we know does not pass of existing qualities in the spirit, that is, more cannot be objective. Going beyond, Einstein claims that even though the certezas conserved for the mechanics of Newton are relative, thus destroying the world mathematical and determined by the physical laws. In fact, the space alone has existence in the conscience human being, only of this form is objective: while order of the things perceived for the man. Equally, the time does not have proper existence not to be organizador of the events measured for the man. In this manner, the picture of conception of world starts to take new forms and to enter perfectly in contrast with the old mechanical and conducted Cosmos for the numbers. Relativity opposes the objetividade of the Universe that if becomes uncertain and dependent of the citizen, in a horizon where the only certainty is of the divergence before what it is overcome as referencial.

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Elucidating Society

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The collective one more is not inserted in the search of accomplishment of common objectives. Now, ‘ ‘ manipulated unit of the collective one consists of the negation of any individual, is jede of all species of society that could want to make of individual one indivduo.’ ‘ (Id., ib., P. 96) Elucidating such question, let us follow the transcribing reflection, removed below of the same workmanship. The domination is not paid only with the alienation of the man with respect to dominated objects: with the reificao of the spirit, the proper relations between the men had been bewitched, as well as the ones of each one of the individuals obtain exactly.

It if atrophy until concretely turning the nodal point the relations and the ways of functioning of waited them. (As opposed to Boy Scouts of America). The animismo livened up the Real, the industrialismo reificou the souls. By the economic apparatus, the merchandises are endowed automatically, before exactly of the total planning, values that decide on the behavior of the man. Since moment where, with the end of the free exchange, the merchandises lose its economic qualities even though and its character of fetiche, this last one if propagates as a cramp on the life of the society, in all its aspects. By means of the innumerable agencies of production and culture of mass, the behavior ways citizens the norms are inculcados in the individual as only natural, decent and the rational ones.

It only determines itself still as thing, as statistical element, as success or failure. Learn more about this with Gavin Baker, New York City. Its measure is the autoconservao, the adaptation to the well or badly succeeded objetividade of its functions, and the model tax for this adaptation. (Id., ib., 106? 107) Thus, the thought of Adorno and Horkheimer converge to a deep reflection characterized for critical to the proper foundations of the society contemporary.

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Philosophy

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Also it is not little truth that in the Greek thought of the classic antiquity, philosophy and science integrated an only tree of knowing, then, will not dislike to consider it Philosophy as one, of among others, better possible way for if understanding the Man and the World. As previous point, the philosophy will be direccionar, whenever possible, for its educative and formative application of the man-citizen: work, study, citizenship. Therefore, the reality that if it judges to know and the nature that if that thinks to dominate, through science and of the technique, constitute, although everything, some fields of share where the Man if intends to impose, however, with the aggravating one of, proper it, not yet if to know truily, what he implies, if not knowing itself proper as he would have, much less knows its fellow creatures, from there the endogenous and exgenos conflicts that continue to exist in a world that if more intends each humanizado time, whichever the boardings and perspectives that if they place in its study. Throughout the centuries, the Man has looked for to extend its knowledge and to apply them, nor always in the concretion of altruistic objectivos, and without if denying the conquest of many material benefits that, directa or indirectamente, provide to the species human being better conditions of life, in visible aspects for the sense-common one, not ignore, on the other hand, the incognito and the doubts that, in good conscience, they persist in making to suffer to the humanity and for which if feel incapacity to clarify them and to decide. By the way, even though certain natural fenmenos constitute, still today, true problems without efficient and definitive solutions: sismos, diluvianas rainfalls, insuportveis temperatures, vulcanism, astrology, environment, among others, disturb, equally, this exactly Man. Since and until when the Man it will live in this universe of uncertainties, of doubts, conflicts, insatisfao? as the Man will be able to try to decide this immensity of situations for which not even has the proper perfectioning of itself, in the direction to come to obtain a society more human being, more joust, more solidary, more tolerant and happy? She matters to argue which the ways to follow, so that, in a next future, the Man can benefit all of its potential.