Man in their constant development, has been developing skills and tastes by many things that do see their tendencies and their sensitivity, allowing to explore new fields of great beauty and between those beautiful activities that man has made that have allowed to develop his sensitive side, displayed art in its different forms, that their variety and beautiful samples of good taste have won a great place in society. Referring to the art speaks of a large group of activities and techniques, but among all these excellent ways of doing art excels the painting, which thanks to the beautiful shapes that are reflected in the works of art easily captivate the eyes of many people. It is worth saying that between painting, several useful techniques were found to carry out the boxes, which locates in the oil painting, which thanks to the ease with which has this technique has become the most ideal way to perform various paintings. Speaking of the oil painting, is this referring to the use of certain kinds of oils to be combined with other substances are Gets as a result an excellent product that is highly effective for the realization of paintings, thus becoming the oil material suitable for the realization of the paintings, still so much the importance of oil in the realization of the paintings that came a moment in which the term oil ceased to be just a reference for material but it also refers to the painting itself. The oil painting is well known since times that date back to ancient times, because he was very widespread among a large number of artists who saw the beneficial properties of the oil when making paintings. So the oil painting had great presence in the middle ages, time in which the oil painting was widely used by combining this technique with tempera or fresco painting. The mixture of these materials was used largely time of retouches to works that had been made in plaster, which was contributing to the drying process was much more rapid. With the passage of time and the ongoing processes of improvement of the technique of oil painting, best mixtures based on oil which allowed better results in the realization of the oil painting were developed. Among the materials most used to obtain oils useful for the realization of the oil painting, stood out the flaxseed, to be combined with different materials, obtained oil paintings with a specific color; It is worth clarifying that the flaxseed was one of the materials of more use becoming a general reference, without however was very present in the society of painters that each had their own combinations and materials when making the oil painting. Among the advantages offered to the oil painting for artists, found, the possibility of making the painting with greater peace of mind to be able to dispose of more time and so be able to realize the oil painting slowly and without any effort, also appeared in the painting to the olea the advantage of being able to perform enhancements to work every day or change aspects of the painting to the oil as the composition, colors and many others.