Bioethics and environmental ethics. Bioethics. According to the Larousse dictionary, bioethics is the set of principles and rules that regulate human performance with respect to living beings. The theme of bioethics turns out to be extremely extensive and fascinating. The term bioethics is presented for the first time by American Van Rensselaer Potter, oncologist, in an article entitled Bioethics: the science of survival (Bioethics: the sciense of survival), in the journal Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, New York, 1970. Then, Potter raised the need for the emergence of a new science that deal with reconciling science with humanistic, to confront the continuous destruction to which the man submitted to the ecosystem. In 1971, Potter publishes his work Bioethics: bridge to the future, which outlines the necessary futuristic concretization of a culture of survival.
The word bioethics, has its etymological roots in the meaning of the words corresponding to two Sciences: biology and ethics; each of which encloses or covers the conceptual content of other sciences. Biology deals with the life; Physiology, reproduction, pathology, and everything related to the evolution of existence of living beings. Ethics is concerned with goodness, wisdom and legality of human behavior. From the papers of Potter, the term bioethics has been interpreted particularly by scientists, philosophers, and thinkers in general, have dimensioned theme by presenting it in different ways, at times even contradicting each other. At this moment, we consider understanding the meaning and the scope of the term bioethics, objectively analyzing what you mean biology and what is ethical.
Previously, we establish the purpose of a science. The Latin root of the word science means knowledge. A science what does is establish realities, define situations and facts, and give them character of perpetual law; Mathematics sets 2 x 2 are 4 and will be 4 forever. Science is concerned with the absolute knowledge, what is, not what could or should be.